The placenta is a rich source of Mesenchymal stem cells and mesenchymal-like stem cells, which are multipotent in nature. This means they have the ability to differentiate into specialized cells with specific functions. Scientists have successfully repaired bones, cartilage and fat tissues using MSCs.
Your baby’s umbilical cord contains valuable stem cells that are different from those found in the cord blood. Cord tissue refers to the tissue inside the umbilical cord. Wharton’s Jelly, is a substance found within the umbilical cord and is an abundant source of valuable stem cells. These cord tissue stem cells are called mesenchymal stem cells or MSC’s.
Cord blood stem cells are unique. They can reproduce into red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout our bodies; white blood cells, which fight off infections; and platelets, which create clots preventing us from bleeding excessively. They can boost the immune system and repopulate new blood cells after being damaged by disease or illness.